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AIHW: The Health Of Australia's Males 2012 - A Focus On Five Population Groups

Released in June 2012, this annual snapshot of the status of Australian male health focuses on five population groups that experience the most health issues.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare Report

 

 
Males born overseas generally enjoy better health than other males, with fewer risk factors and lower overall mortality and hospitalisations...
 

Summary

 
This report is the second in a series on the health of Australia’s males. It examines the distinct health profiles of five population groups, characterised by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status, remoteness, socioeconomic disadvantage, region of birth, and age.
 

Key Findings

 
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males generally experience poorer health than the overall population, highlighted by a life expectancy of 67 years (11.5 years less than that for non-Indigenous males). Factors that contribute to this poorer health status include:
 
  • high rates of tobacco smoking, risky alcohol consumption and illicit substance usage
  • higher rates of chronic diseases (such as lung cancer, diabetes and kidney disease) and health conditions (such as scabies, trachoma and acute rheumatic fever) that are uncommon in the general population 
  • higher rates of hospitalisation, with 45% of these for dialysis.

Remoteness is associated with poorer health. Males living in remote areas generally have a shorter life expectancy and poorer self-assessed health status. As remoteness increases, the following health-related factors also increase:
 
  • rates of obesity, tobacco smoking and risky alcohol consumption
  • new cases of lung cancer, and deaths from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes and suicide hospitalisations for Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Socioeconomic disadvantage is also associated with poorer health. Males living in more socially disadvantaged areas generally have a shorter life expectancy. As socioeconomic disadvantage increases, the following health-related factors also increase:
 
  • rates of obesity and tobacco smoking
  • new cases of lung cancer, and deaths from coronary heart disease, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes and suicide
  • hospitalisations for Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Males born overseas generally enjoy better health than other males, with fewer risk factors and lower overall mortality and hospitalisations. There are areas where males born overseas experience poorer health, compared with males born in Australia, with:
 
  • lower rates of physical activity and bowel cancer screening
  • higher rates of lung cancer, and more deaths from diabetes and lung cancer
  • higher rates of hospitalisations for Type 2 diabetes mellitus and heart attack.

Older males (aged 65 and over) are living longer than ever before, and generally have fewer risk factors such as overweight/obesity and tobacco smoking than younger males. As age increases, the following health-related factors also increase:
 
  • inadequate vegetable intakes and inadequate physical activity
  • new cases of bowel cancer and melanoma, and rates of dementia and of injury from falls
  • all hospitalisations, including cardiac rehabilitation, cataract and melanoma of the skin.

Resources Available

 

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